What is a Trademark ?

In simple terms, trademark is a brand or logo which represents your business.

A visual symbol like a word signature, name, device, label, numerals or combination of colors used by owner of the trademark for goods or services or other articles of commerce to distinguish it from other similar goods or services originating from different businesses. A trademark can be a word, symbol, logo, brand name, wrapper, packaging labels, tagline or a combination of these and are used by manufacturers or service providers to identify their own products and/or services. It is used to distinguish the owners’ products or services from those of its competitors.

The application for trademark can be filed within few days and you can start using “TM” symbol. And the time required for trademark registry to complete formalities is 8 to 12 months. You may use the ® (Registered symbol) next to your trademark once your trademark is registered and registration certificate is issued. Once registered a trademark is valid for 10 years from the date of filing, which can be renewed time to time.

Classes of goods and services :

Before filing a trademark application, it is necessary to identify the classes in which you wish to seek protection for your trademark.

An application should be made in the relevant classes of current goods/services as well as in classes where there is intent to use. All goods and services are divided into 45 classes.

Trademark Process chart :

  1. Search Report
  2. Documentation Process
  3. Power of Attorney
  4. Affidavit
  5. Notary of Affidavit
  6. Application (e.g. ABC ™)
  7. Reply of Examination Report
  8. Hearing
  9. Publish (Trademark Journal for 120 Days)
  10. Registered (e.g. ABC ®)

Symbol of Trademark :

                Trademark :                         Registered Trademark :

Trademark_TM              Trademark_R